Flash Physics

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Welcome to Flash Physics. We hope we will help enlighten you with basic and advanced physics!

1. Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1942, and died on March 20, 1727. In many's eyes, he was a very luminary figure who made monumental contributions to modern physics and mathematics. In his book Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy, the foundations for classical physics are laid down, and many more topics are discussed in the following two books.

In the second book, Sir Isaac Newton makes many influential contributions in the field of Optics, and invents Infinitesimal Calculus independant of his rival Gottfried Leibniz. His most prominent theorization is undoubtedly the Theory of Universal Gravitation, which not only explained why the apple fell to the ground, but also why celestial bodies orbit planets with larger masses. With this breakthrough in physics, he helped pave the way for the next few centuries, notably the successful launch of the first rocket, which couldn't of been succesful without Newton's equations.

Newton's Laws of Motion were so important becuase they represented mankind’s first great success at describing diverse aspects of nature with simple mathematical formulas. Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the scientific revolution. In mechanics, Newton enunciated the principles of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. In optics, he built the first 'practical' reflecting telescope and developed a theory of color based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into a visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound.

In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of the differential and integral calculus. He also demonstrated the generalized binomial theorem, developed the so-called “Newton’s method” for approximating the zeroes of a function, and contributed to the study of power series. Newton’s stature among scientists remains at the very top rank, as demonstrated by a 2005 survey of scientists in Britain’s Royal Society asking who had the greater effect on the history of science, Newton was deemed much more influential than Albert Einstein.

2. Albert Einstein

3. James Clerk Maxwell.

4. Paul Dirac

5. Richard Feynman

6. Werner Heisenberg

7. Erwin Schrodinger

8. Max Planck

9. Neils Bohr

10. Michael Farday

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